28 August. Tuesday of Week Twenty One
(option: St Augustine. For biographical details click here)
2 Thess 2:1ff. Not to be unduly excited about the second coming of the Lord.
Matt 23:23ff. Integrity is based on justice, mercy and good faith.
Paul often combines attitudes that at first may seem contradictory. Though strong and independent in personalit, he can be “gentle as any nursing mother.” In no way did he plan his actions merely to please others, yet he was anxious to share very lives of his people. He values practical, everyday decision-making, even while convinced about the second coming of the Lord Jesus. Another contrast seems to flare up in the preaching of Jesus, when he reverses what the Scribes and Pharisees consider essential and what they judge of lesser value. His attitude to the Law is that all depends on the spirit with which it is kept. This could of course become very subjective, so that people would act more by their feelings than by their principles.
Because biblical religion is a mixture of mutual charity and of obedience to God, of external laws and inner spirit, of ancient traditions and future hopes, it will always have to face seemingly irreconcilable tensions. Unless there is trust in God and in each other, no principles will be enough. The Scribes and Pharisees have grown so nearsighted by selfishness and vainglory as to neglect the weightier matters of the Law, justice and mercy and good faith. Despite their zeal to make others clean on the outside, they are unwilling to cleanse what is inside themselves. One of the ways to sidestep God’s demand for a sincere, integral religion is to focus attention on small matters, straining out the gnats. Another way, as Paul points out today, is to be all absorbed in our Lord’s second coming, peering into the clouds with ecstatic fixation while doing nothing immediate needs of life.
In First Thessalonians we find a number of practical norms to keep religion free from weird excesses and in tune with the highest ideals. Paul asks the Christians to practice courage in the face of great opposition; to seek to please God, the tester of our hearts, rather than impressing others; to avoid flattery or greed under any pretext. He instances his own behaviour: gentle as any nursing mother; sharing with you not only God’s tidings but our very lives, so dear had you become to us. Such ways of living the faith can be attempted by anyone even today, in line with Paul’s policy of honesty and openness.
First Reading: 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3, 14-17
As to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we beg you, brothers and sisters, not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as though from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord is already here. Let no one deceive you in any way; for that day will not come unless the rebellion comes first and the lawless one is revealed, the one destined for destruction.
For this purpose he called you through our proclamation of the good news, so that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. So then, brothers and sisters, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by our letter.
Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father, who loved us and through grace gave us eternal comfort and good hope, comfort your hearts and strengthen them in every good work and word.
Gospel: Matthew 23:23-26
“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill, and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. It is these you ought to have practiced without neglecting the others. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel!
“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the plate, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup, so that the outside also may become clean.