10Mar 10th March. Tuesday in 3rd Week of Lent

1st Reading: Daniel 3:25, 34-43

Nebuchadnezzar admires the miraculous escape of the  young Jews

Then King Nebuchadnezzar was astonished and rose up quickly. He said to his counselors, “Was it not three men that we threw bound into the fire?” They answered the king, “True, O king.” He replied, “But I see four men unbound, walking in the middle of the fire, and they are not hurt; and the fourth has the appearance of a god.”

Nebuchadnezzar then approached the door of the furnace of blazing fire and said, “Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, servants of the Most High God, come out! Come here!” So Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego came out from the fire. And the satraps, the prefects, the governors, and the king’s counselors gathered together and saw that the fire had not had any power over the bodies of those men; the hair of their heads was not singed, their tunics were not harmed, and not even the smell of fire came from them.

Nebuchadnezzar said, “Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who has sent his angel and delivered his servants who trusted in him. They disobeyed the king’s command and yielded up their bodies rather than serve and worship any god except their own God. Therefore I make a decree: Any people, nation, or language that utters blasphemy against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego shall be torn limb from limb, and their houses laid in ruins; for there is no other god who is able to deliver in this way.”

Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, within the province of Babylon.

Gospel: Matthew 18:21-35

The forgiving spirit Jesus wants in his church.

Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?” Jesus said to him, “Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times.

“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. When he began the reckoning, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him; and, as he could not pay, is lord ordered him to be sold, together with his wife and children and all his possessions, and payment to be made. So the slave fell on his knees before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ And out of pity for him, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him the debt. But that same slave, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the throat, he said, ‘Pay what you owe.’ Then his fellow slave fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’ But he refused; then he went and threw him into prison until he would pay the debt. When his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their lord all that had taken place Then his lord summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. Should you not have had mercy on your fellow slave, as had mercy on you?’ And in anger his lord handed him over to be tortured until he would pay his entire debt.

So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your heart.”


Making a fresh start

The destruction of Israel’s life, as described in the book of Daniel, is devastating. “We have in our day no prince, prophet or leader, no sacrifice, oblation or incense, no place to offer first fruits, to find favour with you.” All had gone up in flames! Such total destruction is matched by the wholeheartedness with which the faithful turn back to God. “We follow you unreservedly” they declare. Conversion begins with the admission: “we are . . . brought low . . . because of our sins.” Daniel does not pretend that all is well; he tells it as it is. He confessed: “We have sinned and have done every kind of evil” (v 29). God responds generously because his people are honest with themselves. To receive forgiveness they must confess their sins.

Just as Daniel and his people found their future within a renewed community, so the parable of Jesus deals with community too. The forgiveness which is received from God must reach out from us to all our brothers and sisters. “Should you not have dealt mercifully with your fellow servant,” our Father declares, “as I dealt with you?.” What we receive from God, makes us to be who we are; we cannot remain who we are unless we give it all away “unreservedly.” The gift from God most difficult to share and bestow upon another is forgiveness; yet, this gift is precisely the one of which all of us stand most in need.

By giving we receive, and thus a true communion with one another and with God are accomplished. In Lent we seek forgiveness from God, but on the way we also seek to be reconciled with our immediate neighbours.


Peter’s inspired guess

Peter has a high profile in Matthew’s gospel. It is only there that Jesus addresses him as the rock on which he will build his church. It is only in Matthew that we find Peter asking the question, “Lord, how often must I forgive my brother if he wrongs me? As often as seven times?” In the Scriptures, seven is a symbol of fullness and completion. To forgive someone seven times would seem to be as far as one could possibly go. But in reply to Peter’s question Jesus states that we should forgive seventy seven times. In other words, there is to be no limit to our willingness to forgive. But Jesus was aware that the human tendency was to put a limit on forgiveness; the parable he went on to speak bears that out. In that story, even someone who had been generously forgiven a huge debt could not find it in his heart to forgive another to a much lesser extent. Jesus was aware of how forgiving God was. In the gospel he is calling on Peter and on all of us to be God-like in our readiness to forgive. This is one aspect of what Jesus meant when he said earlier in Matthew’s gospel, “Be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.” [Martin Hogan]

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