24Oct Conclusion of the Synod of Bishops; address of Pope Francis





 Synod Hall
Saturday, 24 October 2015


Dear Beatitudes, Eminences and Excellencies,
Dear Brothers and Sisters,

I would like first of all to thank the Lord, who has guided our synodal process in these years by his Holy Spirit, whose support is never lacking to the Church.

My heartfelt thanks go to Cardinal Lorenzo Baldisseri, Secretary General of the Synod, Bishop Fabio Fabene, its Under-Secretary, and, together with them, the Relator, Cardinal Peter Erdő, and the Special Secretary, Archbishop Bruno Forte, the Delegate Presidents, the writers, the consultors, the translators and the singers, and all those who have worked tirelessly and with total dedication to the Church: My deepest thanks! I would also like to thank the Commission which made the report; some of them were up all night!

I thank all of you, dear Synod Fathers, Fraternal Delegates, Auditors and Assessors, parish priests and families, for your active and fruitful participation.

And I thank all those unnamed men and women who contributed generously to the labours of this Synod by quietly working behind the scenes.

Be assured of my prayers, that the Lord will reward all of you with his abundant gifts of grace!

As I followed the labours of the Synod, I asked myself: What will it mean for the Church to conclude this Synod devoted to the family?

Certainly, the Synod was not about settling all the issues having to do with the family, but rather attempting to see them in the light of the Gospel and the Church’s tradition and two-thousand-year history, bringing the joy of hope without falling into a facile repetition of what is obvious or has already been said.

Surely it was not about finding exhaustive solutions for all the difficulties and uncertainties which challenge and threaten the family, but rather about seeing these difficulties and uncertainties in the light of the Faith, carefully studying them and confronting them fearlessly, without burying our heads in the sand.

It was about urging everyone to appreciate the importance of the institution of the family and of marriage between a man and a woman, based on unity and indissolubility, and valuing it as the fundamental basis of society and human life.

It was about listening to and making heard the voices of the families and the Church’s pastors, who came to Rome bearing on their shoulders the burdens and the hopes, the riches and the challenges of families throughout the world.

It was about showing the vitality of the Catholic Church, which is not afraid to stir dulled consciences or to soil her hands with lively and frank discussions about the family.

It was about trying to view and interpret realities, today’s realities, through God’s eyes, so as to kindle the flame of faith and enlighten people’s hearts in times marked by discouragement, social, economic and moral crisis, and growing pessimism.

It was about bearing witness to everyone that, for the Church, the Gospel continues to be a vital source of eternal newness, against all those who would “indoctrinate” it in dead stones to be hurled at others.

It was also about laying closed hearts, which bare the closed hearts which frequently hide even behind the Church’s teachings or good intentions, in order to sit in the chair of Moses and judge, sometimes with superiority and superficiality, difficult cases and wounded families.

It was about making clear that the Church is a Church of the poor in spirit and of sinners seeking forgiveness, not simply of the righteous and the holy, but rather of those who are righteous and holy precisely when they feel themselves poor sinners.

It was about trying to open up broader horizons, rising above conspiracy theories and blinkered viewpoints, so as to defend and spread the freedom of the children of God, and to transmit the beauty of Christian Newness, at times encrusted in a language which is archaic or simply incomprehensible.

In the course of this Synod, the different opinions which were freely expressed – and at times, unfortunately, not in entirely well-meaning ways – certainly led to a rich and lively dialogue; they offered a vivid image of a Church which does not simply “rubberstamp”, but draws from the sources of her faith living waters to refresh parched hearts.[1]

And – apart from dogmatic questions clearly defined by the Church’s Magisterium – we have also seen that what seems normal for a bishop on one continent, is considered strange and almost scandalous – almost! – for a bishop from another; what is considered a violation of a right in one society is an evident and inviolable rule in another; what for some is freedom of conscience is for others simply confusion. Cultures are in fact quite diverse, and every general principle – as I said, dogmatic questions clearly defined by the Church’s magisterium – every general principle needs to be inculturated, if it is to be respected and applied.[2] The 1985 Synod, which celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the conclusion of the Second Vatican Council, spoke of inculturation as “the intimate transformation of authentic cultural values through their integration in Christianity, and the taking root of Christianity in the various human cultures”.[3] Inculturation does not weaken true values, but demonstrates their true strength and authenticity, since they adapt without changing; indeed they quietly and gradually transform the different cultures.[4]

We have seen, also by the richness of our diversity, that the same challenge is ever before us: that of proclaiming the Gospel to the men and women of today, and defending the family from all ideological and individualistic assaults.

And without ever falling into the danger of relativism or of demonizing others, we sought to embrace, fully and courageously, the goodness and mercy of God who transcends our every human reckoning and desires only that “all be saved” (cf. 1 Tm 2:4). In this way we wished to experience this Synod in the context of the Extraordinary Year of Mercy which the Church is called to celebrated.

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

The Synod experience also made us better realize that the true defenders of doctrine are not those who uphold its letter, but its spirit; not ideas but people; not formulae but the gratuitousness of God’s love and forgiveness. This is in no way to detract from the importance of formulae – they are necessary – or from the importance of laws and divine commandments, but rather to exalt the greatness of the true God, who does not treat us according to our merits or even according to our works but solely according to the boundless generosity of his Mercy (cf. Rom 3:21-30; Ps 129; Lk 11:47-54). It does have to do with overcoming the recurring temptations of the elder brother (cf. Lk 15:25-32) and the jealous labourers (cf. Mt 20:1-16). Indeed, it means upholding all the more the laws and commandments which were made for man and not vice versa (cf. Mk 2:27).

In this sense, the necessary human repentance, works and efforts take on a deeper meaning, not as the price of that salvation freely won for us by Christ on the cross, but as a response to the One who loved us first and saved us at the cost of his innocent blood, while we were still sinners (cf. Rom 5:6).

The Church’s first duty is not to hand down condemnations or anathemas, but to proclaim God’s mercy, to call to conversion, and to lead all men and women to salvation in the Lord (cf. Jn 12:44-50).

Blessed Paul VI expressed this eloquently: “”We can imagine, then, that each of our sins, our attempts to turn our back on God, kindles in him a more intense flame of love, a desire to bring us back to himself and to his saving plan… God, in Christ, shows himself to be infinitely good… God is good. Not only in himself; God is – let us say it with tears – good for us. He loves us, he seeks us out, he thinks of us, he knows us, he touches our hearts us and he waits for us. He will be – so to say – delighted on the day when we return and say: ‘Lord, in your goodness, forgive me. Thus our repentance becomes God’s joy”.[5]

Saint John Paul II also stated that: “the Church lives an authentic life when she professes and proclaims mercy… and when she brings people close to the sources of the Saviour’s mercy, of which she is the trustee and dispenser”.[6]

Benedict XVI, too, said: “Mercy is indeed the central nucleus of the Gospel message; it is the very name of God… May all that the Church says and does manifest the mercy God feels for mankind. When the Church has to recall an unrecognized truth, or a betrayed good, she always does so impelled by merciful love, so that men may have life and have it abundantly (cf. Jn 10:10)”.[7]

In light of all this, and thanks to this time of grace which the Church has experienced in discussing the family, we feel mutually enriched. Many of us have felt the working of the Holy Spirit who is the real protagonist and guide of the Synod. For all of us, the word “family” does have the same sound as it did before the Synod, so much so that the word itself already contains the richness of the family’s vocation and the significance of the labours of the Synod.[8]

In effect, for the Church to conclude the Synod means to return to our true “journeying together” in bringing to every part of the world, to every diocese, to every community and every situation, the light of the Gospel, the embrace of the Church and the support of God’s mercy!

Thank you!


[1]Cf. Letter of His Holiness Pope Francis to the Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina on the Centenary of its Faculty of Theology, 3 March 2015.

[2] Cf. Pontifical Biblical Commission, Fede e cultura alla luce della Bibbia. Atti della Sessione plenaria 1979 della Pontificia Commissione Biblica, LDC, Leumann, 1981; SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Gaudium et Spes, 44.

[3]Final Relatio (7 December 1985), L’Osservatore Romano, 10 December 1985, 7.

[4] “In virtue of her pastoral mission, the Church must remain ever attentive to historical changes and to the development of new ways of thinking. Not, of course, to submit to them, but rather to surmount obstacles standing in the way of accepting her counsels and directives” (Interview with Cardinal Georges Cottier, in La Civiltà Cattolica 3963-3964, 8 August 2015, p. 272).

[5] Homily, 23 June 1968: Insegnamenti VI (1968), 1177-1178.

[6] Dives in Misericordia, 13. He also said: “In the paschal mystery… God appears to us as he is: a tender-hearted Father, who does not give up in the face of his childrens’ ingratitude and is always ready to forgive (JOHN PAUL II, Regina Coeli, 23 April 1995: Insegnamenti XVIII, 1 [1995], 1035). So too he described resistance to mercy: “The present-day mentality, more perhaps than that of people in the past, seems opposed to a God of mercy, and in fact tends to exclude from life and to remove from the human heart the very idea of mercy. The word and the concept of ‘mercy’ seem to cause uneasiness…” (Dives in Misericordia [30 November 1980] 2).

[7]Regina Coeli, 30 March 2008: Insegnamenti IV, 1 (2008), 489-490. Speaking of the power of mercy, he stated: “it is mercy that sets a limit to evil. In it is expressed God’s special nature – his holiness, the power of truth and of love” (Homily on Divine Mercy Sunday, 15 April 2007: Insegnamenti III, 1 [2007], 667).

[8] An acrostic look at the word “family” [Italian: “famiglia”] can help us summarize the Church’s mission as the task of: Forming new generations to experience love seriously, not as an individualistic search for a pleasure then to be discarded, and to believe once again in true, fruitful and lasting love as the sole way of emerging from ourselves and being open to others, leaving loneliness behind, living according to God’s will, finding fulfilment, realizing that marriage is “an experience which reveals God’s love, defending the sacredness of life, every life, defending the unity and indissolubility of the conjugal bond as a sign of God’s grace and of the human person’s ability to love seriously” (Homily for the Opening Mass of the Synod, 4 October 2015: L’Osservatore Romano, 5-6 October 2015, p. 7) and, furthermore, enhancing marriage preparation as a means of providing a deeper understanding of the Christian meaning of the sacrament of Matrimony; Approaching others, since a Church closed in on herself is a dead Church, while a Church which does leave her own precincts behind in order to seek, embrace and lead others to Christ is a Church which betrays her very mission and calling; Manifesting and bringing God’s mercy to families in need; to the abandoned, to the neglected elderly, to children pained by the separation of their parents, to poor families struggling to survive, to sinners knocking on our doors and those who are far away, to the differently able, to all those hurting in soul and body, and to couples torn by grief, sickness, death or persecution; Illuminating consciences often assailed by harmful and subtle dynamics which even attempt to replace God the Creator, dynamics which must be unmasked and resisted in full respect for the dignity of each person; Gaining and humbly rebuilding trust in the Church, which has been gravely weakened as a result of the conduct and sins of her children – sadly, the counter-witness of scandals committed in the Church by some clerics have damaged her credibility and obscured the brightness of her saving message; Labouring intensely to sustain and encourage those many strong and faithful families which, in the midst of their daily struggles, continue to give a great witness of fidelity to the Church’s teachings and the Lord’s commandments; Inventing renewed programmes of pastoral care for the family based on the Gospel and respectful of cultural differences, pastoral care which is capable of communicating the Good News in an attractive and positive manner and helping banish from young hearts the fear of making definitive commitments, pastoral care which is particularly attentive to children, who are the real victims of broken families, pastoral care which is innovative and provides a suitable preparation for the sacrament of Matrimony, rather than so many programmes which seem more of a formality than training for a lifelong commitment; Aiming to love unconditionally all families, particularly those experiencing difficulties, since no family should feel alone or excluded from the Church’s loving embrace, and the real scandal is a fear of love and of showing that love concretely.


10 Responses

  1. tony

    Real life carries on as always. So many in all sorts of family situations will keep walking away from a church at the top that doesn’t care. Those that remain and wish to receive communion at mass will be welcomed on the ground as always without question…

  2. Darlene Starrs

    While I applaud the “faithful sentiment” with which Pope Francis writes his concluding address, I remain, sceptical, that the Institutional Church can remain current and relevant for not only families, but, the entire Church, and even the world. The pace with which issues are being examined is just not good enough. As I said, on another thread, there must be another method of tackling issues, and then invoking a Vatican III. I guess just another one of my interjections in the course of three years! I calls em…as I sees em…others agreeing or not!

  3. Kevin Conroy

    Cardinal Pell pleased there is “no doctrinal developments, no doctrinal surprises, no doctrinal backflips.” And final document shows clerical collegiality is solid on selective compromise & “beauty of family life” in their well fed selected world.

  4. Eddie Finnegan

    No doubt we will all dip into Francis’s concluding address and any follow-up document he produces to confirm our own view of the Synod. However, while I leave Darlene@2 to organise VatIII, I must say I’m intrigued by Francis’s curiously elaborated ‘Acrostic look’ at the word ‘Famiglia’ as a summary of the Church’s mission on the family (see Footnote 8 above). It’s not a very good acrostic in English translation, and a comparison with the Italian version doesn’t convince me that acrostics are Francis’s forte. Some of my Year 7/8 classes in Newry, Sierra Leone and Islington over the past fifty years could have taught the Pope a trick or two about the acrostic’s poetic potential.

    I offer Francis an alternative skeleton FAMIGLIA acrostic, based on 8 Key Concepts of Synods 2014-2015. He may wish to polish it up a bit as he plans his Apostolic Exhortation.

    FESTIGGIARE (celebrate or give a warm welcome to)

    ACCOMPAGNARE (‘ad+compagnare’: break BREAD with; be family with)

    MISERICORDIA (putting your heart with those in distress – his motto)

    INCORAGGIARE (Coraggio! Put new heart into a person)

    GRADUALISMO (as in the 2014 ‘relatio post disceptationem’)

    LIBERAZIONE (as in “What do we want?” “Communion & Liberation!” “When do we want them?” “NOW!” – Not to be confused with that Italian outfit.)

    INCULTURAZIONE (NOT inculcation! Some African and Irish bishops may need to examine the roots of their cultures.)

    ACCOGLIERE (‘ad+cogliere’: gather up like a harvest; take by surprise in a close embrace)

  5. Nessan Vaughan

    On balance, I take heart from the Synod. Please see another perspective in the attached by Thomas Reese: Synod on remarried Catholics: Consensus in Ambiguity.

    I suggest we can be encouraged from the Final Document (parts of it) and we should view it in conjunction with Pope Francis’ closing address. The Synod was never going to change doctrine or even traditional teaching: however, it seems to be that there are significant changes underway. We should, may I suggest, trust in Francis. The Church is changing and he is to the fore in nudging it forward with a more pastoral and inclusive approach.

  6. Michael

    tony, with deep gratitude , many thanks

  7. Darlene Starrs

    Thank you Nessan for providing the link to Thomas Reese’s latest article, in which, he retracts his earlier pessimism. In spite of the German Bishop’s proposal, I am heartened by the 3 minute talk by French Canadian Bishop…Paul Andre Durocher, about Women in the Church…Otherwise, the Synod meeting revealed just how “choppy” the water is……

  8. Ben

    How can the church require those people who have been the victims of childhood sex abuse and whose marriages have failed to take a penetential pathway to recieving Communion ? It is it not the case that these people have been ” more sinned against than sinning”. I was a mass sometime ago when the priest asked for forgiveness for the wrongdoing of the church and a friend of mine who is divorced and getting remarried was there said that the church and said how can they ask for forgiveness when they don’t give it ?

  9. Chris McDonnell

    For those countless people whose hope in the outcomes of the Synod directly affects their Christian experience of faith in Jesus of Galilee, we pray that doors will not be closed and discussion ended. The holding of hands is one of the most expressive acts of love and concern that we can share with each other. It is a sign of our generosity to each other and the generosity of the Lord to each one of us.
    Gender issues remain however. How a caucus of celibate men can adequately relate to issues that deeply affect both men and women is still an unanswered question.

  10. Alfred Arena

    The words of the pope post the synod on the family will resonate in the hearts of those who want to see the right changes happen to see the church act like a true natural mother. Yet it sounds like treason to those who want to keep the Church a law enforcement institution. True parents always welcome their children to their table irrespective of how their children often fail them miserably. Even adult children are a work in progress and we cannot discourage them by imposing sanction and punishment; that is not the way parenthood works. A true parent doesn’t lose their values or condone their children’s wrong but remain a source of good example of how to live in faithfulness, integrity and love. A true parent accepts their children the way they are and sets no conditions on their love for their children. The church often tells us to accept and not to judge others but unless the church does this in the unconditional way a natural mother does, the Church remains just a law enforcing legal system – and we know how cold hearted that can be. One of the Australian bishops remarked that the church shows private mercy which is a contradiction with its public uncompromising attitudes.

    We are often reminded by our pastors to be accepting of others, to forgive, and not to condemn, while at the same time the institution hangs on to a legal system of doctrine full of ritual purity and reward and punishment. I will not be convinced that the our church has changed unless she begins to behave like a natural mother towards her children. Any parent will understand how this works in real life. It doesn’t mean that we lose our values as parents or condone our children’s bad behaviour but by being an example of how to live with integrity, worship with gratitude and how to love and be always ready to extend our outreach towards all our children without any conditions

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