06Dec 06 December. Tuesday in Week 2 of Advent

Saint Nicholas of Bari

1st Reading. Isaiah 40:1-11

“Comfort ye my people!” – the beginning of Second Isaiah, the joyful return from exile in Babylon

Comfort, O comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and cry to her that she has served her term, that her penalty is paid, that she has received from the Lord’s hand double for all her sins.

A voice cries out: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain. Then the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all people shall see it together, for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”

A voice says, “Cry out!” And I said, “What shall I cry?” All people are grass, their constancy is like the flower of the field. The grass withers, the flower fades, when the breath of the Lord blows upon it; surely the people are grass. The grass withers, the flower fades; but the word of our God will stand forever.

Get you up to a high mountain, O Zion, herald of good tidings; lift up your voice with strength, O Jerusalem, herald of good tidings, lift it up, do not fear; say to the cities of Judah, “Here is your God!” See, the Lord God comes with might, and his arm rules for him; his reward is with him, and his recompense before him. He will feed his flock like a shepherd; he will gather the lambs in his arms, and carry them in his bosom, and gently lead the mother sheep.

Gospel: Matthew 18:12-14

The shepherd rejoices to find the lost sheep

Jesus said to his disciples,
“What do you think? If a shepherd has a hundred sheep, and one of them has gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go in search of the one that went astray? And if he finds it, truly I tell you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that never went astray. So it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should be lost. ”


And now I’m found

I once was lost, And now I’m found. There is a hidden depth in each one of us which, when it is found by God, our Good Shepherd, will become God’s instrument for transforming our existence. We will have joybecause the ninety-nine percent of ourselves will be transformed by this one percent. The lost sheep is that buried, secluded or forgotten part within each of us.
A good example of the lost sheep is seen in the prophet-author of Second Isaiah, telling of his prophetic call that originated in God’s heavenly throne room. God calls to the many celestial beings around his throne: “Comfort, O comfort my people!” One after another these angelic creatures shout, as it were, to the earth below:

A prophet of mighty ability replied with the question: “What shall I cry out?” and then began a prophetic career leading to the composition of the most golden poetry in the Bible. Yet, for the prophet himself, the people’s return to their homeland, away from the Babylonian exile, turned out to be a way toward rejection and oblivion. His name was forgotten and his exquisite poetry simply added to the scroll of the earlier prophet Isaiah. He was like the lost sheep waiting to be found by the Lord.

Jesus and his first disciples turned to this prophecy. Through it they could see John the Baptist as preparing the way of the Lord, and it helped the disciples find peace after their Master’s death by execution, as they read passages like chapter 42 and chapter 53. We look forward to Christmas when Jesus steps anew into our lives to uncover hidden meanings, talents and hopes that can turn our lives around.

Not letting the individual be lost

The behaviour of the shepherd in this gospel could seem a little foolish. He leaves ninety nine sheep on the hillside to go in search of one sheep who has rambled off and is now lost. He leaves the flock defenceless to go looking for one. He risks all ninety nine for the sake of one sheep. The attitude of the shepherd is the opposite to the attitude of the high priest Caiaphas who said, with reference to Jesus, “It is better for one man to die for the people than to have the whole nation perish.” In other words, it is better to have one man killed than to put the nation at risk; that one individual is expendable for the sake of the many.

The shepherd in today’s parable certainly was not of that view. Jesus was presenting the shepherd as an image of God, and indeed of Jesus himself. God in Jesus is concerned about the one. The one is of infinite value. The Lord values each one of us; he calls each one of us by name; none of us is expendable in his sight. The Lord is equally devoted to each one of us. The parable calls on us to value each other as much as the Lord values each of us.

Saint Nicholas, bishop

Nicholas (Nikolaos, 270-343) was bishop of Myra in Lycia, southern Turkey. Because of many miracles attributed to him, he was known as a Thaumaturgos (wonderworker). He was famous for secret gift-giving, and so became the model for Santa Claus, a contraction of “Saint Nicholas”. In 1087, some of the saint’s relics were taken to Bari, southern Italy; since then he is also known as Nicholas of Bari.

One Response

  1. vFr. Vallyves Makhola

    The parable of Jesus can be put in two sections. The first section is of an individual and his capabilities. The second can be on a person with responsibility to a group or a nation. On the individual one vice may the one which makes all the virtues to be dormant. This then requires the individual to set his record straight so as to reach one hundred. I talk on the level of priesthood as an example. Many people expect a lot from a priest. While he may do very well in a certain parish church, one mistake most scandalous makes all that was good in him to be lost. Thus one lost sheep leads to the loss of the ninety nine. Jesus as the good Shepherd seeks to rectify that one scandal by a just punishment which may be meted on such a priest mainly by his bishop so as to placate the faithful who may be discouraged and also make the priest to check his ways. There is great rejoicing when one who was lost changes. This can also be on the level of a Christian. I only gave an example of a priest. On the level of a group if one in authority misfires it lead to a great loss even of life. Thus Christ is very happy when a person of authority uses his power well for the sake of the people he is in charge of.

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