04Jun 04 June, 2018. Mon. of Week 9

First Reading 2 Peter (1:2-7)

God has given us all we need to live well, as sharers of the divine nature

May grace and peace be yours in abundance in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

His divine power has given us everything needed for life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. Thus he has given us, through these things, his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of lust, and may become participants of the divine nature. For this very reason, you must make every effort to support your faith with goodness, and goodness with knowledge, and knowledge with self-control, and self-control with endurance, and endurance with godliness, and godliness with mutual affection, and mutual affection with love.

Resp. Psalm (Ps 91)

R./: In you, my God, I place my trust

You who dwell in the shelter of the Most High,
who abide in the shadow of the Almighty,
Say to the Lord, My refuge and my fortress,
my God, in whom I trust. (R./)

Because he clings to me, I will deliver him;
I will set him on high because he acknowledges my name.
He shall call upon me, and I will answer him;
I will be with him in distress. (R./)

I will deliver him and glorify him;
with length of days I will gratify him
and will show him my salvation. (R./)

Gospel: Mark (12:1-12)

The wicked tenants kill the vineyard-owner’s son and the vineyard given to others

Jesus began to speak to them [the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders] in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a pit for the wine press, and built a watchtower; then he leased it to tenants and went to another country. When the season came, he sent a slave to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce of the vineyard. But they seized him, and beat him, and sent him away empty-handed. And again he sent another slave to them; this one they beat over the head and insulted. Then he sent another, and that one they killed. And so it was with many others; some they beat, and others they killed. He had still one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ So they seized him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and give the vineyard to others. Have you not read this scripture: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is amazing in our eyes’?”

When they realized that he had told this parable against them, they wanted to arrest him, but they feared the crowd. So they left him and went away.


Living in changed times

Second Peter is one of the latest writings of the New Testament. The author takes up a question which the apostle Peter hardly faced faced in his lifetime: will the glorious second coming of Jesus be delayed indefinitely? After the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in A.D. 70 and began a to violently persecute Christians, yet Jesus did not return as victorious Messiah, some Christians felt betrayed by their new religion, and lost in a quagmire of doubt. The apostle Peter had already been martyred in A.D. 65 or 66. The inspired author of this epistle placed his writing within the setting of Peter’s lifetime, and drew on the earliest Christian traditions and the lifetime of Jesus, now seven decades past, in order to insist on the continuity of past and future, from God’s manifest presence then to God’s hidden presence now.

The gospel anticipates this kind of problem. When the owner of the vineyard seems to have vanished, the tenant farmers go out of control, even killing the owner’s son to seize the property as their own. When Jesus first spoke this parable, he had in mind the familiar but text: “The stone rejected by the builders has become the keystone.” This says that God will always be faithful and can choose even the least likely person or the abandoned talent, and turn it into the keystone of the new life. Christians later reinterpreted this puzzling text to announce God’s transfer of his ancient promises to the gentile world after the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans in A.D. 66-70. Peter (or his disciple) adds further ethical guidance by linking self-control and perseverance, faith and care for one’s neighbour.

Rejection and acceptance

Today’s parable is about rejection. A vineyard owner sends his servants to collect his share of the vineyard’s produce; all of them were brutally rejected. He then sends his son who was not only rejected but killed. At the end of the story Jesus declares that the stone rejected by the builders went on to become the keystone, the capstone that holds the building together. The imagery refers to what had happened to the prophets of old and what would soon happen to Jesus himself. He would be rejected and put to death, but God would raise him from the dead and make him the keystone of a new spiritual building, the church.

The feeling of rejection is a common enough human experience. People can feel themselves rejected by others, often by significant others, at various stages of their lives. Jesus who knew the pain of rejection identifies with us in our own moments of rejection. He also assures us that there can be life and love beyond rejection; the rejected one can become the keystone. God can work in a life-giving way in and through various painful experiences that we struggle with in life. An experience that we might judge to be completely negative can turn out to be a new beginning. The Lord’s power often manifests itself in surprising ways in our moments of greatest weakness.


One Response

  1. Christine Sullivan

    Thank you for your beautiful homily. Your words are so comforting and supportive.

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