07Oct 07 October. 27th Sunday

1st Reading: Genesis (2:18-24)

God intends man and woman to join as one flesh

Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper as his partner.” So out of the ground the Lord God formed every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for the man there was not found a helper as his partner.

So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one shall be called Woman, for out of Man this one was taken.”

Therefore a man leaves his father and his mother and clings to his wife, and they become one flesh.

Resp. Psalm (Ps 128)

R.: May the Lord bless us all the days of our lives

O blessed are those who fear the Lord
and walk in his ways!
by the labour of your
hands you shall eat.
You will be happy and prosper. (R./)

Your wife will be like a fruitful vine
in the heart of your house;
your children like shoots of the olive,
around your table. (R./)

Indeed thus shall be blessed
the man who fears the Lord.
May the Lord bless you from
Zion in a happy Jerusalem
all the days of your life! (R./)

2nd Reading: Hebrews (2:9-11)

Jesus became fully like us and is a saviour for all

We see Jesus, who for a little while was made lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. It was fitting that God, for whom and through whom all things exist, in bringing many children to glory, should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For the one who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one Father. For this reason Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters.

Gospel: Mark (10:2-16 or, shorter version: Mark 10:2-12)

Lifelong marriage; and receiving the kingdom of God as a little child

Some Pharisees came to Jesus, and to test him they asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?” He answered them, “What did Moses command you?” They said, “Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of dismissal and to divorce her.” But Jesus said to them, “Because of your hardness of heart he wrote this commandment for you. But from the beginning of creation, ‘God made them male and female.’ ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.” Then in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter. He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery too.”

BIBLE

Marriage: a challenging ideal

(Kieran O’Mahony. For his exegetical comments on today’s Readings, click here).

We live in a time of tremendous upheaval and social change. Because it seems that everything is up for grabs, it can be hard to see  how we, as people of faith, can speak to people of our time. As we all know, marriages do break down. Preaching into such a context is bound to be challenging: everyone in the congregation will have a family member or a friend in a second relationship. Still, it is important to continue to nourish those couples whose marriages have lasted — to thank God and to ask his continued blessing. They know their frailty and their need of the grace of the sacrament.

A very helpful homilly preached by Pope Francis at a wedding is here. Also, some excellent material for reflection and preaching in his Amoris Laetitia.


Life Together

Does the ideal of lifelong fidelity to one partner seem impracticable for our times? Can a couple be bound together for possibly 50 years? The ideal is clearly stated in the Gospel; but is important to distinguish between the ideal of lifelong fidelity, and how that ideal is enforced in our Church. Sometimes the law about marriage has been harshly and insensitively preached. The sad truth is that not all marriages work out well. Some marry in haste, and some find it impossible to sustain a very unequal relationship. But true to the words of Jesus we at least support the ideal he laid down: that marriage is meant to last for a lifetime.

On their wedding day, a couple set out on a journey, which hopefully will lead them into a deeper love and partnership with the passing years. Possibly their early love for each other has a quality of infatuation, or feeling in love, and our emotions, while good and useful, are largely outside our control. True, lasting love is more based on decision than emotion. While I cannot control my emotions, I can renew a decision each and every day.

Our Catholic Church sees marriage as a covenant between a woman and a man, who enter a partnership of their whole lives. It is a life-project, a vocation for which they receive the grace of a special sacrament to make it viable. For a marriage to succeed requires a constant effort of goodwill, to cooperate with the grace of God. The couple should foster a relationship that is dynamic, never static; some say that if it is not moving forward, it is going backwards. Living in married love with another means dying to self in many little ways, because love is a kind of laying down a life for one’s friend. Our faith says that it is only by dying to self that we are capable of giving life to others, which carries within it Christ’s promise of eternal life.


Keeping marriage alive

While modern society is very tolerant of divorce and remarriage, today’s Gospel invites us to reflect on the ideal of permanence of marriage and on the value of lifelong commitment. His words on the indissolubility of marriage set an ideal that is especially difficult for our times, when we are so much influenced by a libertarian view that prizes personal fulfilment above all else.

There are many reasons why a marriage might fail. Possibly the parties were not emotionally mature at the time they married, nor fully free in giving their marriage consent. People who never thought of the deeper, spiritual meaning of marriage, can come to feel that their marriage was an unfortunate mistake.. In helping to prepare couples for marriage, trying to foster their growth in married love, and even when declaring certain marriages to be null and void, those involved must try to combine their ideal of marriage with an appreciation of love between the sexes and with understanding and compassion for those today who find difficulty in living up to the challenges of Christian marriage .

Marriage is built on basic, life-giving human instincts and is still valued in a time of social change. Families who have stayed united over the years demonstrate that love can weather the storms which even the best of relationships meet from time to time. The instability of family life today, and the sad fact of marital separation, are problems to be prayed about. At the same time, as pope Francis has said so clearly, our Church must show due regard for people who are in new unions after their first has broken up, for whatever reason. The problems of tense marriage relationships are not solved by constant preaching, no matter how well-meant. Conscious of this, the Church has agencies to help couples to prepare for marriage, and later help them cope with the conflicts that threaten their perseverance. (Examples of the kind of marriage-counselling available locally could feature in today’s homily.)


The indispensable partner

According to Genesis 2, God created man from the earth and God created woman from the side of man. This account has often been misinterpreted to suggest the subordination of woman to man. The translation ‘helpmate’ is not an accurate translation of the Hebrew word. Something like ‘indispensible partner’ would be better. The text suggests that the woman is to stand alongside the man as his equal. She corresponds to him exactly, as the man affirms, ‘bone of my bones’, ‘flesh of my flesh.’ But if the man names the animals, suggesting a certain authority over them, he simply recognises the name of the woman as ish-shah, the female version of himself. The primary relationship between the man and the woman is adult to adult. The text proclaims that from the beginning God intended men and women to interact with mutuality and partnership. According to our first reading that mutuality between a man and a woman finds its fullest expression in marriage, a ‘man leaves his father and mother and joins himself to his wife, and they become one body.’

In today’s gospel, Jesus turns to this text from the Book of Genesis when he is put on the spot by some Pharisees regarding the question of divorce. As the Pharisees would have known, Jewish Law permitted a form of divorce. According to the Book of Deuteronomy, a man who becomes displeased with his wife because he finds in her something objectionably could write her a bill of divorce, hand it to her and dismiss her from his house. There was no provision in Jewish law for a woman to divorce her husband. It was a law which left women vulnerable. In reply to the Pharisees Jesus declares that what the law allows is not what actually what God wills. God’s purpose for marriage, according to Jesus, is to be found in those opening chapters of the book of Genesis. Whereas the Pharisees ask Jesus about divorce, in his reply Jesus places the focus on marriage. His vision of marriage is of a profound union between a man and a woman, a communion of faithful love. It is no coincidence that immediately after the passage in which Jesus speaks of marriage, Mark in his gospel gives us a story about children, about parents bringing children to Jesus for him to bless them. Marriage between a man and a woman is a tried and tested way in which children can grow up to be loved, as well as being given stability and security. No other setting has been proven better for the nourishing and flourishing of children. If society cares about children, it will channel financial and professional resources into supporting marriage, understood as a communion of faithful love between a man and a woman, the fullest expression in human form of the communion of love between the Lord and us.

We know from experience that that not all marriages reflect the ideal Jesus sets up in today’s gospel. Many of us will have relatives whose marriages have not lasted. The gospels are clear that although Jesus has a vision for human relationships, including within marriage, he did not condemn those who feel short of that vision. All of us, married or single, are called to love one another as the Lord has loved us, and we all fail in our response to that call. It is in those moments of weakness and failure that the second part of today’s gospel has most to say to us, ‘anyone who does not welcome the kingdom of God like a little child will not enter it.’ We stand before the Lord with a child-like heart, in our weakness and vulnerability, open and receptive to the great gift of the Lord’s love that is given to us unconditionally. It is that gift which empowers us to keep reaching towards the goal, the ideal, the Jesus puts before us all.


Machtnamh: An pósadh a choimeád beo (Keeping marriage alive)

Tá an pósadh bunaithe ar riachtanisí bunúsacha an duine, agus tá fiúntas ann fós inniu nuair atá athraithe móra tagtha agus ag teacht sa saol. Taispeánann na teaghlaigh a d’fhan le chéile leis na blianta anuas go bhfuil grá buan in ainneoin stoirmeacha a eiríonn ó am go ham fiú in measg na gcairde gaoil is dlúithe agus is treise. Is do-thuigthe an neamh-bhuanacht a bhaineann le saol an teaghlaigh inniu, agus is brónach an méid scaradh pósta a thárlaíonn. Ag an am céanna, mar a dúirt ár bPápa Proinnsias go soiléir, ní mór don Eaglais trócaire agus tuisgint a theaspáint do dhaoine atá i gcomhpháirtíocht nua tar éis don chéad pósadh titim as a chéile ar chúis amháin nó cúis eile. Ní féidir fadhbanna na clainne a réiteamh le briathra nó searmanais, is cuma cé chomh fiúntach iad. Mar sin, tá gníomhaíochtaí san Eaglais chun cuidiú le lánúnacha ullmhú le haghaidh a bpósta, agus níos déanaí cabhrú leo dul i ngleic leis na fabhbanna bhíonn ag bhagairt a mbuanseasmhacht.


CANDLE

(Our Lady of the Rosary. Not celebrated this year)

This feast was established in memory of the major Christian naval victory over the Turks (at Lepanto, in the waters off southwestern Greece, in 1571). The Dominican Pope Pius V had called for all of Europe to pray the Rosary for victory, and attributed the Christian forces’  victory to this intercession. Our Lady is daily honoured in the Rosary, which invites us to meditate the mysteries of the life, death and resurrection of Christ her son.

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