15Feb February 15, 2021 – Monday, Week 6

 Monday, February 15, 2021

Monday, Week 6 in Ordinary Time

1st Reading: Genesis 4:1-15

Cain’s jealousy leads to his murder of Abel

Now the man knew his wife Eve, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have produced a man with the help of the Lord.” Next she bore his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a tiller of the ground. In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of the fruit of the ground, and Abel for his part brought of the firstlings of his flock, their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering, but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. The Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry, and why has your countenance fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is lurking at the door; its desire is for you, but you must master it.”

Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let us go out to the field.” And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and killed him. Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” He said, I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?” And the Lord said, “What have you done? Listen; your brother’s blood is crying out to me from the ground. And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you till the ground, it will no longer yield to you its strength; you will be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.” Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is greater than I can bear. Today you have driven me away from the soil, and I shall be hidden from your face; I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.” Then the Lord said to him, “Not so. Whoever kills Cain will suffer a sevenfold vengeance.” And the Lord put a mark on Cain, so that no one who came upon him would kill him.

Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and named him Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another child instead of Abel, because Cain killed him.”

Responsorial: Psalm 49:1, 8, 16-17, 20-21

R./: Offer to God a sacrifice of praise

The God of gods, the Lord,
has spoken and summoned the earth,
from the rising of the sun to its setting.
I find no fault with your sacrifices,
your offerings are always before me. (R./)

But how can you recite my commandments
and take my covenant on your lips,
you who despise my law
and throw my words to the winds. (R./)

You who sit and malign your brother
and slander your own mother’s son.
You do this, and should I keep silence?
Do you think that I am like you? (R./)

Gospel: Mark 8:11-13

Jesus refuses to give spectacular signs

The Pharisees came and began to argue with him, asking him for a sign from heaven, to test him. And he sighed deeply in his spirit and said, “Why does this generation ask for a sign? Truly I tell you, no sign will be given to this generation.” And he left them, and getting into the boat again, he went across to the other side.

God’s kingdom, in ordinary things

St Mark refers to the feelings of Jesus more often than any other evangelist. He responds to the Pharisees’ request for a sign from heaven “with a sigh that came straight from the heart.” That sigh led to the question, “Why does this generation demand a sign?” We can almost sense the frustration of Jesus in that sigh, straight from the heart.

Religious people sometimes look for signs from heaven, seeking the extra-ordinary and unusual. In his teaching, Jesus invites us to see signs of  God’s presence in ordinary things, the sower who goes out to sow his field, the woman who looks for her lost coin, the care given to a stranger on the road from Jerusalem to Jericho, the man who finds unexpected treasure in his field, and so on. It is in the ordinary that the mystery of God’s kingdom is to be found, because all creation is full of God’s glory.

A faith that is tested

If faith is at the centre of biblical religion, what is the real core of faith? From the gospel we learn that faith does not revolve around miracles. When jealous and suspicious people  demand some heavenly sign from Jesus, he sighs about the weakness of their faith. St James urges us to cope with every sort of trial, for “When faith is tested this makes for endurance, so that you may be fully mature.” The core of faith is twofold: fidelity and patience.

Cain might run away from his family but he could not run away from God. “The Lord put a mark on Cain,” a mark of divine protection, a pledge of the Creator’s fidelity to all he has made. When some people responded to Jesus with suspicion and envy, he left them and went off. Such dispositions do not keep Jesus in our midst; he remains only with people of faith, compassion and forgiveness.

2 Responses

  1. Joe O'Leary

    ‘St Mark refers to the feelings of Jesus more often than any other evangelist. He responds to the Pharisees’ request for a sign from heaven “with a sigh that came straight from the heart.”’ Indeed, this is one of the points that give this, the earliest Gospel, its singular fascination.

    When Seán Freyne visited Japan I got him to speak to my students in a course on the Gospel of Luke as literature. Knowing what his answer would be, I asked if he would not agree that Luke was the best of the Gospels from the literary point of view. “Ah no! Mark is the most fascinating,” he replied.

    Yet Mark’s Gospel is unprepossessing at first, and it languished in the shade of Matthew for long centuries. Only the realization of the Markan priority (the dependence of Matthew and Luke on it) made scholars look more closely at Mark, and only in the last half-century has it been promoted to a literary pedestal.

    Mark ekes out scanty material to compose a narrative in two parts, one covering the activities of Jesus in Galilee, the second culminating in the passion narrative and the discovery of the empty tomb. The other three canonical gospels follow the same format. Alfred Loisy, in rather scathing, deflationary tones, underlines the poverty of Mark’s material and his need to resort to doublets, to editorial miracles, and to childlike inventions like the stories of the disciples’ preparations for the entry into Jerusalem and the Last Supper (“The Origins of the New Testament,” London 1950). The Markan passion narrative is composed from Old Testament sources, so that as Dominic Crossan phrases it (sixty years after Loisy had made the same point) it is ‘not history remembered but prophecy historicized’ (” Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography,” 1994, . 145). Elaborate modern commentaries have perhaps gone too far in discerning deeply subtle literary and theological patterning in Mark, encouraged by Frank Kermode’s “The Genesis of Secrecy” (1979), which uses the literary critic’s bag of tricks, reading Mark as if he were a modern minimalist like Kafka or Beckett. Yet in its very poverty and nakedness this Gospel packs a tremendous punch, and in some ways brings us nearer to Jesus than the majestic visions of Matthew, Luke, and John. A very special angle is explored in John P. Keenan’s “The Gospel of Mark: A Mahayana Reading” (Orbis Press, 1995), which detects elements of Buddhist wisdom crackling in the laconic words and gestures of Mark’s Jesus.

  2. Omoding Moses

    Very good

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